My New Year PSP Tubes here..all rar files
New Year's Eve here in
my home town Sydney
- Not all countries
celebrate New Year at the same time, nor in the same way. This
is because people in different parts of the world use different
calendars. Long ago, people divided time into days, months, and
years. Some calendars are based on the movement of the moon,
others are based on the position of the sun, while others are
based on both the sun and the moon. All over the world, there
are special beliefs about New Year.
- In ancient Egypt,
New Year was celebrated at the time the River Nile flooded,
which was near the end of September. The flooding of the Nile
was very important because without it, the people would not have
been able to grow crops in the dry desert.
- At New Year, statues
of the god, Amon and his wife and son were taken up the Nile by
boat. Singing, dancing, and feasting was done for a month, and
then the statues were taken back to the temple.
- Babylonia lay in
what is now the country of Iraq. Their New Year was in the
Spring. During the festival, the king was stripped of his
clothes and sent away, and for a few days everyone could do just
what they liked. Then the king returned in a grand procession,
dressed in fine robes. Then, everyone had to return to work and
behave properly. Thus, each New Year, the people made a new
start to their lives. The celebration of the new year is the
oldest of all holidays. It was first observed in ancient Babylon
about 4000 years ago. In the years around 2000 BC, Babylonians
celebrated the beginning of a new year on what is now March 23,
although they themselves had no written calendar. The Babylonian
new year celebration lasted for eleven days. Each day had its
own particular mode of celebration, but it is safe to say that
modern New Year's Eve festivities pale in comparison.
Other traditions of the
season include the making of New Year's resolutions. That tradition
also dates back to the early Babylonians. Popular modern resolutions
might include the promise to lose weight or quit smoking. The early
Babylonian's most popular resolution was to return borrowed farm
The Romans continued to observe the new year on March 25, but
their calendar was continually tampered with by various emperors so
that the calendar soon became out of synchronization with the sun.
In order to set the calendar right, the Roman senate, in 153 BC,
declared January 1 to be the beginning of the new year. But
tampering continued until Julius Caesar, in 46 BC, established what
was come to be known as the Julian Calendar. It again established
January 1 as the new year. But in order to synchronize the calendar
with the sun, Caesar had to let the previous year drag on for 445
Although in the first centuries AD the Romans continued celebrating
the new year, the early Catholic Church condemned the festivities as
paganism. But as Christianity became more widespread, the early
church began having its own religious observances concurrently with
many of the pagan celebrations, and New Year's Day was no different.
New Years is still observed as the Feast of Christ's Circumcision by
- The New Year has not
always begun on January 1, and it doesn't begin on that date
everywhere today. It begins on that date only for cultures that
use a 365-day solar calendar. January 1 became the beginning of
the New Year in 46 B.C., when Julius Caesar developed a calendar
that would more accurately reflect the seasons than previous
The Romans named the
first month of the year after Janus, the god of beginnings and
the guardian of doors and entrances who was always shown as
having two heads. He looked back to the last year and forward to
the new one. He was always depicted with two faces, one on
the front of his head and one on the back. Thus he could look
backward and forward at the same time. At midnight on December
31, the Romans imagined Janus looking back at the old year and
forward to the new. The Romans began a tradition of exchanging
gifts on New Year's Eve by giving one another branches from
sacred trees for good fortune. Later, nuts or coins imprinted
with the god Janus became more common New Year's gifts. The
Roman New Year festival was called the Calends, and people
decorated their homes and gave each other gifts. Slaves and
their masters ate and drank together, and people could do what
they wanted to for a few days.
the early Christians denounced the practice as pagan, the popularity
of the baby as a symbol of rebirth forced the Church to re-evaluate
its position. The Church finally allowed its members to celebrate
the new year with a baby, which was to symbolize the birth of the
The use of an image of a baby with a New Years banner as a symbolic
representation of the new year was brought to early America by the
Germans. They had used the effigy since the fourteenth century.
- The Celts were the
people who lived in Gaul, now called France, and parts of
Britain before the Romans arrived there. Their New Year festival
was called Samhain. It took place at the end of October, and
Samhain means 'summer's end'.
- At Samhain, the
Celts gathered mistletoe to keep ghosts away, because they
believed this was the time when the ghosts of the dead returned
to haunt the living.
The Jewish New Year,
Rosh Hashanah, is celebrated on the first two days of the Jewish
calendar's first month, Tishri, which falls in September or October.
The Jewish New Year is heralded by the rabbi blowing a shofar, or
ram's horn, in the synagogue. The Islamic year starts anew every 354
days. Because there are no adjustments, like Leap Year, to make each
calendar year correspond to the earth's cycle around the sun, the
first month of the Islamic calendar, Muharram, is not in the same
season every year.
- It is a holy time
when people think of the things they have done wrong in the
past, and they promise to do better in the future.
Special services are
held in synagogues, and an instrument called a Shofar, which is made
from a ram's horn is played. Children are given new clothes, and New
Year loaves are baked and fruit is eaten to remind people of harvest
- The Muslim calendar
is based on the movements of the moon, so the date of New Year
is eleven days earlier each year.
- Iran is a Muslim
country which used to be called Persia. The people celebrate New
Year on March 21, and a few weeks before this date, people put
grains of wheat or barley in a little dish to grow. By the time
of New Year, the grains have produced shoots, and this reminds
the people of spring and a new year of life.
- Most Hindus live in
India, but they don't all celebrate New Year in the same way or
at the same time.
- The people of West
Bengal, in northern India, like to wear flowers at New Year, and
they use flowers in the colours of pink, red, purple, or white.
Women like to wear yellow, which is the colour of Spring.
- In Kerala, in
southern India, mothers put food, flowers, and little gifts on a
special tray. On New Year's morning, the children have to keep
their eyes closed until they have been led to the tray.
- In central India,
orange flags are flown from buildings on New Year's Day.
- In Gujarat, in
western India, New Year is celebrated at the end of October, and
it is celebrated at the same time as the Indian festival of
Diwali. At the time of Diwali, small oil lights are lit all
along the roofs of buildings.
- At New Year, Hindus
think particularly of the goddess of wealth, Lakshmi.
- On New Year's Eve,
Buddhist temples ring out the old year by letting passers by each
ring a huge bell once until it has rung 108 times, one time for
each kind of evil in the world. On New Year's Day, it is
traditional to make a pilgrimage to a Shinto shrine or a
- In Vietnam, the New
Year is called Tet Nguyen Dan or Tet for short. It begins
between January 21 and February 19, and the exact day changes
from year to year. They believe that there is a god in every
home, and at the New Year this god travels to heaven. There he
will say how good or bad each member of the family has been in
the past year.
- They used to believe
that the God travelled on the back of a fish called a carp, and
today, they sometimes buy a live carp, and then let it go free
in a river or pond. They also believe that the first person to
enter their house at New Year will bring either good or bad
- In Japan, New Year
is celebrated on January 1, but the Japanese also keep some
beliefs from their religion, which is called Shinto. To keep out
evil spirits, they hang a rope of straw across the front of
their houses, and this stands for happiness and good luck. In
Japan, New Year's is celebrated for three days, starting on
January 1. Everyone receives new clothes and little work is
done. The moment the New Year begins, the Japanese people begin
to laugh, and this is supposed to bring them good luck in the
- The Chinese New Year
is celebrated some time between January 17 and February 19, at
the time of the new moon, and it is called Yuan Tan. It is
celebrated by Chinese people all over the world, and street
processions are an exciting part of their New Year. The Festival
of Lanterns is the street processions, and thousands of lanterns
are used to light the way for the New Year.
- The Chinese people
believe that there are evil spirits around at New Year, so they
let off firecrackers to frighten the spirits away. Sometimes
they seal their windows and doors with paper to keep the evil
- In Europe, New Year
was often a time for superstition and fortune-telling, and in
some parts of Switzerland and Austria, people dress up to
celebrate Saint Sylvester's Eve.
- In AD 314, there was
a Pope called Saint Sylvester, and people believed that he
captured a terrible sea monster. It was thought that in the year
1000, this sea monster would escape and destroy the world, but
since it didn't happen, the people were delighted. Since then,
in parts of Austria and Switzerland, this story is remembered at
New Year, and people dress up in fantastic costumes, and are
- In Greece, New
Year's Day is also the Festival of Saint Basil. Saint Basil was
famous for his kindness, and Greek children leave their shoes by
the fire on New Year's Day with the hope that he will come and
fill the shoes with gifts. The tradition of using a baby to
signify the new year was begun in Greece around 600 BC. It was
their tradition at that time to celebrate their god of wine,
Dionysus, by parading a baby in a basket, representing the
annual rebirth of that god as the spirit of fertility. Early
Egyptians also used a baby as a symbol of rebirth.
- In Scotland, New
Year is called Hogmanay, and in some villages barrels of tar are
set alight and rolled through the streets. Thus, the old year is
burned up and the new one allowed to enter.
- Scottish people
believe that the first person to enter your house in the New
Year will bring good or bad luck, and it is very good luck if
the visitor is a dark-haired man bringing a gift. This custom is
The song, Auld Lang
Syne is sung at midnight on New Year's Eve, and this custom is now
celebrated all over the world. "Auld Lang Syne," the
traditional New Year's song, was written by a Scottish poet, Robert
Burns, 200 years ago.
New Years Eve is nearly always humid, with fine weather and many of
us gather all around the foreshores of our beautiful harbour eat,
drink, dance, sing and wait till fire
- AULD LANG SYNE
- mostly written
by Robert Burns
- Should auld
acquaintance be forgot,
- And never bright to
- Should auld
acquaintance be forgot
- And auld lang
- For auld lang syne,
- For auld lang syne,
- We'll take a cup of
- For auld lang syne
- And surely ye'll be
- And surely I'll be
- And we'll take a cup
of o' kindness yet
- For auld lang syne.
- We twa run about the
- And pu'd the gowans
- but we wandered
money a weary foot
- Sin auld lang syne.
- And there 's a hand,
my trusty fiere,
- And gie's a hand o'
- And we'll tak' a
right gude-willie waught
- For auld lang syne.
In the Middle Ages,
Christians changed New Year's Day to December 25, the birth of
Jesus. Then they changed it to March 25, a holiday called the
Annunciation. In the sixteenth century, Pope Gregory XIII revised
the Julian calendar, and the celebration of the new year was
returned to January 1.
The Julian and
Gregorian calendars are solar calendars. Some cultures have lunar
calendars, however. A year in a lunar calendar is less than 365 days
because the months are based on the phases of the moon. The Chinese
use a lunar calendar. Their new year begins at the time of the first
full moon (over the Far East) after the sun enters Aquarius-sometime
between January 19 and February 21. The Chinese celebrate the
holiday by exchanging gifts, having parades, and exploding
firecrackers. One of twelve animals, such as a tiger, a rooster, or
a dog, is associated with each new year.
Although the date
for New Year's Day is not the same in every culture, it is always a
time for celebration and for customs to ensure good luck in the
coming year. In France, families gather and exchange gifts and
greeting cards. Children often present their parents with homemade
gifts to wish them Bonne Annee. In Italy, a piece of mistletoe is
hung over the front door to bring good luck to the entire household.
In Scotland, people bring delicious cakes and cookies to parties. It
is believed that the first person to enter a house will receive good
In the United
States, the New Year's celebrations that are familiar to today
were originated in the 1750s by the Dutch in New Amsterdam.
During the Middle
Ages, the Church remained opposed to celebrating New Years. January
1 has been celebrated as a holiday by Western nations for only about
the past 400 years.